As a lifelong republican, Mazzini was afterward censured for this friendly approach to an autocratic sovereign; he explained that he had meant to expose Charles Albert as one who would never fight for Italian freedom.
The Sicilian rising had a Sicilian rather than an "Italian" focus being motivated by a deep dislike of being governed by King Ferdinand, and a desire to restore a relatively liberal constitution of They have drained the cup of slavery to the dregs; but they have sworn never to fill it again He had given the Emperor an absolute commitment to the city's defence.
He then based himself in Switzerland.
The French President saw this as an opportunity to gain Catholic support. The notion that Italy could operate as one state did not seem to be a possibility.
Prior to his demise in the previous Pope, Gregory XVI, backed by a sure reliance on Prince Metternich's Austria for support, had been responsible for establishing a pervasively repressive administration where spies and informers could ensure that liberals, nationalists, and intellectuals, were often harassed and routinely subjected to punishments that were not actually within the laws.