An analysis of my physical and social identity
Goal setting as a strategy for dietary and physical activity behavior change: a review of the literature. According to this perspective, our behaviors in current social situations may not only be to serve our self-presentational goals in that moment, but also be based on a consideration of their longer-term repercussions for our reputations.
Supporting these assertions, a recent randomized controlled trial of the Football Fans in Training FFIT programme revealed a significant 4. Nordic walking groups, exercise groups, and sports teams , it represents a domain to which a social identity approach could have particular relevance. In particular, research has shown that internalized social group memberships have positive effects on health in a range of contexts—including choirs [ 64 ], care homes [ 65 ], and, of most interest to this article, sports teams [ 66 ]. Accessed 19 Nov BMC Public Health. If everyone plays their part according to accepted social scripts and conventions, then the social situation will run smoothly and the participants will avoid embarrassment. Steffens, S. Can exercise improve self esteem in children and young people?
J Sport Exerc Psychol. Which strategies seem to be more and less effective in helping them to achieve their social goals, and why?
Promoting physical activity: time for a major re-think. Normally, our group memberships result in positive feelings, which occur because we perceive our own groups, and thus ourselves, in a positive light.
If everyone plays their part according to accepted social scripts and conventions, then the social situation will run smoothly and the participants will avoid embarrassment.
So, for example, the more a person identifies with a gym class or exercise group e. We each have multiple social identities, and which of our identities we draw our self-esteem from at a given time will depend on the situation we are in, as well as the social goals we have.
Personal and social identity examples
Moreover, it is further limited by a predominant focus on healthy, non-clinical populations. Which of the strategies outlined in relation to self-evaluation maintenance theory did you engage in to rebuild your self-concept? Carine Phillipe unspell spine read carefully. London: SAGE; According to this perspective, our behaviors in current social situations may not only be to serve our self-presentational goals in that moment, but also be based on a consideration of their longer-term repercussions for our reputations. The self-concept and self-esteem are also often strongly influenced by social comparison. However, at the same time, the relative value of leaders helping to create an appropriate identity for such a group e. Upward social comparison with others who are better off than we are leads to negative emotions. Abstract Against the backdrop of a global physical inactivity crisis, attempts to both understand and positively influence physical activity behaviours are characterized by a focus on individual-level factors e. Do you think that you are more of a high or a low self-monitor, and why? Baumeister, R. Can the theory of planned behavior predict the maintenance of physical activity?
Eur J Soc Psychol. The second option is to redefine how important the trait or skill really is to your self-concept.
Given the additional barriers to participation experienced by clinical populations e. Specifically, we argue that social identity 1 can be harnessed to promote engagement in physical activity, 2 underpins exercise group behaviour, and 3 underpins effective leadership in exercise settings. Ann Behav Med. Promoting physical activity: time for a major re-think. Social identity refers to the positive emotions that we experience as a member of an important social group. Self and nation. Describe some situations where people you know have used each of the self-presentation strategies that were listed in this section. Self-promotion can also be pursued in our online social behaviors. Concentrating largely on demographic or individual factors such as age, sex, health status, cognitions, attitudes, and motivation [ 27 ], this research has often explored the capacity for theories that predominantly focus on individuals as individuals, such as self-determination theory [ 28 ] and the theory of planned behaviour [ 29 ], to predict and explain behaviour change [ 30 — 32 ]. Organ Behav Hum Dec.
Footnotes 1We consider physical activity in the widest sense, including exercise and sport participation. Tajfel H, Turner JC. When people in our ingroups perform well, social identity theory suggests that we tend to make intergroup social comparisons, and by seeing our group as doing better than other groups, we come to feel better about ourselves.
A big question in relation to self-presentation is the extent to which it is an honest versus more strategic, potentially dishonest enterprise.
based on 45 review